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The study of the amphorae from Khor Rori

Storage vessels, and in particular amphorae, are frequently attested in Sumhuram. This confirms the site’s use as a trading post.
 
Roberta Tomber, from the British Museum, London, has recently undertaken studies on this topic and the preliminary results have been presented during the 16th Rencontre Sabéenne (Pisa, 6th-9th June 2012).
 
Like most sites involved in the early Roman phase of Indian Ocean trade, the most common amphora represented at Khor Rori is overwhelmingly the Dressel 2-4. At Khor Rori the most common sources for the Khor Rori Dressel 2-4 are in the black-sand fabric from Campania, closely followed by Mareotis (Alexandria). Smaller numbers come from elsewhere in Egypt, Cilicia, Spain, Rhodes and Tunisia, together with fabrics representing unknown sources.
One Koan base can be identified at Khor Rori: it is atypical and probably Roman in date.

Numerous coarse ware pottery types from Egypt are also present, including cooking pots, jugs, costrels, lids (or amphora stoppers) that overlap in date with the AE3 amphorae. The costrels are particularly interesting for they are well-dated and occur only from the Antonine period, therefore confirming contact with Egypt into the second half of the 2nd century and later.
 
Viewing the amphorae together as a single assemblage, they primarily date between the late 1st century BC and the 2nd or early 3rd century AD. The stratigraphic analysis conducted on the assemblage thus far indicates that in many cases the Mareotic Dressel 2-4 and other Egyptian amphorae occur from the earliest levels. Only two Late Roman amphora types have been identified: four shards from Aqaba, and one of LR Amphora 1.

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