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Museo Nazionale d'Arte Orientale

The Museo Nazionale d'Arte Orientale houses important collections that were formed from an initial property of the Istituto Italiano per il Medio ed Estremo Oriente, presently the Istituto Italiano per l'Africa e l'Oriente. It has been enriched over the years thanks to purchases, donations, exchanges with various Asian countries and Italian archaeological missions and opened to public in 1958.
 
The Museum is organized in five departments: Ancient Near and Middle East, Archaeology and Art of the Islamic World, Central, Southern and South-Eastern Asia and Far East, plus a Coin Cabinet.
The Ancient Near East section of the Ancient and Middle East Department includes valuable artifacts form the Asian region that extends from the eastern Mediterranean to the Arabian peninsula.
Among the most interesting materials, the museum preserves: a funerary stela from Palmyra, from the nineteenth-century collection of Gregory Stroganoff, the glyptics dating from the 4th millennium to the Sasanian period belonging to the Pugliatti collection, a small collection of cuneiform tablets, objects from Syria and Lebanon, inlcuding pottery dated to 750-700 BC, an alabaster cup, a basalt incense burner and some terracotta figurines of the Achaemenid era.
 
In 1984, the important collections of Yemeni antiquities collected by the Honorary Governor of Eritrea Corrado Zoli and by the archaeologist and collector Cesare Ansaldo in the '20 were transferred from the Museo Nazionale Romano.
Furthermore, the Vannini - Caggiati collection, consisting of Iranian, Syrian and Mesopotamian metals was acquired in 1999.

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